Demeter - HPSDR Power Supply
Project Leader: Jeroen, PE1RGE
"Demeter" is the project-name for the HPSDR power supply. Although power supplies are widely available, Demeter will be specifically designed for the HPSDR project.
At this moment, 11th of June 2007, an inventory of wishes, specifiactions and ideas is made for the HPSDR-power supply. If you have any ideas, questions or suggestions, please feel free to E-mail me.
Further information will be presented on this page when it becomes available.
73 Jeroen PE1RGE
First result of the discussion on the HPSDR mailing-list (11th June 2007):
13.8 Volt DC (always 13.8 V or is there a supply range, see remark below) 110 Vac (mains) 230 Vac (mains) Battery (13.8 Volt) input with automatic switchover
Powerpole connector for DC 13.8 Volt Mains connector: National standard
Remote switchable voltages +5 Volt @ …. Amps +12 Volt @ ….. Amps -12 Volt @ ….. Amps
Standby supply (for GPS-engine and OCXO)
Constant on +5 Volt +15 Volt +24 Volt (depends on OCXO used, if possible user definable/adjustable)
ATX-connector DIN 41612 (Atlas connectors)
Input protection (high/low voltage, polarity) Output protection (current limiting, voltage crowbar)
· Input voltage · Output voltage · Output currents · Temperature
Power supply communication
Atlas backplane USB-bus 1 wire interface (controlled by a board on Atlas) Dumb-interface using the pins T7 and T8 on the Atlas
Connection to the HPSDR
Using the ATX power connector, communication via the USB bus Using the DIN41612 connector using the Atlas backplane for communication
Position of the power supply
On the Atlas backplane In a separate box (outside/inside Pandora)
Ozymandias - interface module Mercury – receiver (5V @ 500mA, 12V @ 200mA, -12V not used) Penelope – transmitter (5V @ 300mA, 12V @ 200mA, -12V not used)) Alexiares - RF Bandpass Filters Gibraltar - frequency standard Epimetheus - antenna and other switching
Measured: Ozy + Janus: +12v @ 200mA, +5v @ 180 ma, -12v @ 70 ma
Switching or Linear? Internal/External? Power dissipation (Convection cooling/ forced air-cooling)? Do we need computer monitoring of voltages and currents? Include an USB-HUB (use one of the ports for the power supply communication)? Configuration (to use or not to use the SDR-1000)? People who use it in combination with the SDR-1000 need less power from the power-supply and are using a custom built supply or the SDR-1000 power supply. Will the 13.8Volt really be 13.8Volt or “something” between 11.0 Volt and 15 Volt? In other words: How many people are going to use the HPSDR mobile?
Linear (A “lot of heat”, not “green”, easy to construct and trouble-shoot)
Switching (Less heat, more “green”, more noise, more difficult to construct)
Transformers: From my opinion there will always be a normal mains-transformer, both in the switching and the linear power supply option. Building a switcher for 110Vac/230Vac is too dangerous and complicated (safety regulations) for (less experienced) home-builders. The switcher will be situated in the low-voltage part.
Demeter block diagram legenda: 1. Standby transformer – Used for the GPS and OCXO 2. Standby rectifier and buffercapacitor 3. Switch – Switches between mains and battery power 4. Linear regulator 5. Overvoltage protection 6. Solid state (?) mains power switch 7. Power transformer 8. Power rectifiers and buffercapacitors (positive + negative voltage) 9. Switch – Switches between battery, mains and external power 10. Step-up converter 11. Linear regulator +12Volt 12. Overvoltage protection +12Volt 13. Charger (optional) 14. Step-down converter 15. Linear regulator +5Volt 16. Overvoltage protection +5Volt 17. Inverter – generates negative supply from the positive supply 18. Switch – Switches between inverter and mains power 19. Linear regulator –12Volt 20. Overvoltage protection –12Volt 21. Passive filter 22. Overvoltage protection for U++ (Could be used for a PA) 23. USB-Hub – one port used for communication with Demeter 24. PIC controller 25. Temperature sensor(s) 26. Analog to digital converter (for voltage and current) 27. Analog multiplexer 28. Controlled fan (forced air cooling)