Receiver Performance Tests

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Revision as of 10:27, 29 October 2009 by W9KFB (Talk | contribs) (IMD Dynamic Range)

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Instruments required



The Sensitivity test is very simple to do on an HPSDR rig:

  1. Calibrate the level and frequency on the rig with the output of the signal generator using PowerSDR's Setup calibration at the test frequency using a -40 dBm signal.
  2. Set the panadapter to average the signals.
  3. Set the Mode to CWL, the bandwidth to 100, and the preamp to Off.
  4. Read the value of the noise floor with the PowerSDR meter set to "SigAvg", with the signal generator turned off. This value will be the minimum discernible signal (MDS).
  5. Obtain a MDS value with the preamp on at the same test frequency by repeating all the above steps.

SSB Phase Noise

Block Diagram of MDS and SSB Phase Noise Measurement Setup
Actual measurement of the SSB Phase Noise on a HPSDR Mercury with the Pre-Amp OFF by W9KFB 10/26/2009. Note the output limit for the oscillator was reached at an ofset of 1KHz.
Actual measurement of the SSB Phase Noise on a HPSDR Mercury with the Pre-Amp ON, CW BW=100 by W9KFB 10/26/2009. Note the the A/D Overload limit was reached at an offset frequency of 1 KHz.
Measurement of Mercury's SSB Phase Noise by Marco IK1ODO / AI4YF and some comparables

The SSB Phase Noise tests require a very low phase noise oscillator to run the tests. Most synthesized oscillators will not be good enough. Before you choose an oscillator to do the testing, check its SSB phase noise specifications. If the oscillator has a worst case spec of greater than -130 dBc/Hz, find one that is better as your noise measurement results will never be better than the test oscillator noise level.

  1. Use the MDS obtained per the process above as A0, then tune away from the signal until you can't distinguish a tone in the noise or to your first defined offset frequency. At this frequency, increase the amplitude of the signal until the displayed amplitude (using the PowerSDR meter set to "SigAvg") is the same as A0 plus 3 dB (the MDS will be a minus number, so this number will be 3 dB lower in absolute value), note the frequency f1, and then go back to f0 and measure the amplitude A1 using the PowerSDR meter set to "SigAvg".
  2. To calculate SSB Phase Noise use this equation from KI6WX's March and April, 1988, QST article (The 2009 and earlier ARRL Handbooks have a missing minus sign in the equation): L(f)=A1-A0-10Log(BWnoise), Where L(f)= SSB phase noise in dBc/Hz; A1= The attenuation required at the offset frequency for the same noise level as A0 plus 3 dB; A0= MDS; and BWnoise= The CW bandwidth used during the test.

Blocking Dynamic Range

A block diagram of the blocking dynamic range test setup

The ARRL handbook instructions (Page 25.43 of the 2009 handbook) says to use a weak signal at about a level of 110 dBm and a strong signal 20 KHz offset. The ARRL Lab procedures requires the weak signal level to be about 10 dB below where we detect the 1 dB of gain compression of the weak signal. On Mercury no detectable gain compression was measured on any level of weak signal with any level of strong signal below the A/D overload values at 4, 14, and 30 MHz with the PreAmp on or off.

IMD Dynamic Range

File:HPSDR IMD DR test block Dia.jpg
A block diagram of the IMD dynamic range test setup

IMD Dynamic Range measures the effect of two-tone IMD on a HPSDR receiver. IMD is the production of spurious responses that results when two or more signals mix. IMD occurs in any receiver when signals of sufficient magnitude are present. IMD Dynamic Range is the difference, in dB, between the noise floor and the strength of two equal incoming signals that produce a third-order product 3 dB above the noise floor. For more information on IMD Dynamic Range measurement, see the 2009 ARRL Handbook, Test procedures, Chapter 25, page 25.43.

Third-Order Intercept Tests