The Antec P183 Solution

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Block Diagram of the P138 Solution
Rear view of Antec P138 case prepared for installation of HPSDR components
850 Watt TruePower Quattro power supply used in this project
Inside view of Big Iron
Front view of the finished P138 HPSDR transceiver "Big Iron" weighing in at 43 Pounds
Rear view of the finished "Big Iron
Close up view of HPSDR components
Close up of other inside components of Big Iron
The 180 Watt RF Amplifier and the 850 watt PC power supply

An example of The Antec P183 Solution using the Mercury, Penelope, and Ozy boards and other available hardware and software.

The goal is to build and operate the highest performance amateur radio transceiver that can be assembled using components documented on this wiki. Specifically in one case/enclosure, the following is expected: A totally integrated transceiver with an integrated standard ATX motherboard computer, HPSDR components, and 180 to 500 watts of power output. Not included would be the keyboard, mouse, flat panel screen, audio amplifier low pass or band filters, and antenna tuner. The transceiver must be mechanically and electrically secure so that one would not hesitate to take one to a field day exercise or a DXpedition as a primary rig.

By Ron Cox, W9KFB (with help from the HPSDR group who made all this possible)


Contents

Enclosure

Antec's P183 case brings you top performance and unique style, with its three-layer, sound-deadening panels. Inside, a separate lower chamber houses your power supply (purchased separately), isolating its heat and reducing system noise. The upper chamber comes standard with rear and top 120 mm TriCool fans, with spaces for an optional front 120 mm fan, and a middle 120 mm fan. These two optional fans were mounted to cool the RF power amplifier components.

The three-layer side panel and front door stifle system noise for a quiet experience. Front-mounted ports give you easy access to two USB 2.0 connectors, one IEEE 1394 connector, and audio jacks. Rear panel features external controls for the fans in the upper chamber.

You'll have all the room you need to build your HPSDR system in this case, with bays for four external 5.25" drives (used for the HPSDR components), one external 3.5" drive and six internal 3.5" drives. There's space for an ATX motherboard up to 12"(W) x 9.6"(L), seven expansion slots, and rubber-grommeted holes on the rear for coax cable entry and exit. A built-in cable organizer behind the motherboard tray keeps the cables under control.

Power Supply

The TruePower Quattro 850 Watt Power Supply Unit includes four +12V outputs at 25 Amperes each, that deliver safe and reliable power to the transceiver componets. The protective circuitry is industrial-grade and includes OCP (Over Current Protection), OVP (Over Voltage Protection), SCP (Short Circuit Protection) and UVP (Under Voltage Protection).

TruePower Quattro power supplies generate less heat than a typical ATX power supply because they are designed for high efficiency. This keeps the power supply cooler and prolongs its working life. The unit has achieved 80 PLUS® Certification[1], the latest independent standard in power supply efficiency. The supply has an Universal Input, allowing it to connect to any AC source between 100 ~ 240V with no selection switch. It also features an advanced cable management system which allows you to only use the cables you need to reduce clutter and improve air flow. Five 6-pin output sockets are provided to power different HPSDR components.

Motherboard, CPU and OS

Any motherboard will fit in this large enclosure, but an Intel DG35EC was just removed from another project with an Intel Core2 Quad and 4 GB of DDR2 memory. As cost was not an object in this project and performance was the object, the motherboard and CPU selection was made.

From System Properties: System: Microsoft Windows XP Professional, Version 2002, Service Pack 3 Computer: Intel® Core™2 Quad CPU, Q8200 @ 2.33GHz, 2.32GHz, 3.24GB of RAM, Physical Address Extension.


HPSDR Components

Part Name Price ($US)
Atlas Kit- TAPR 35.00
Mercury RX - TAPR 329.00
Penelope TX - NT-Electronics 357.54
Ozymandias-mini - NT-Electronics 214.79 (Preliminary)
TOTAL 936.33

Complete Bill of Material (BOM)

Prices are from NewEgg Web site unless indicated by *.

Part Name Price ($US)
Antec P138 Case 134.99
Intel DG35EC Motherboard 87.99
Intel Core 2 Quad Q8200 2.33GHz 4MB L2 Cache LGA 775 95W Quad-Core Processor 149.99
Rosewill RCX-Z2 7 blades 80mm reverse ball bearing fan CPU Cooler 19.99
G.SKILL 4GB (2 x 2GB) 240-Pin DDR2 SDRAM DDR2 800 (PC2 6400) 64.99
64GB SSD Kingston 149.99
Microsoft Windows XP Professional SP3 32-bit for System Builders - OEM 134.99
Pomona BNC 2249-C-6 cables (5 at 14.98 each)* 74.90
HPSDR Components* 936.33
TOHTSU Coaxial Relay CX 230* 95.00
Misc. Small parts (nuts, bolts, standoffs, carbide drill bit for drilling steel, audio and PTT jacks & cables, BNC antenna connector* 30.00
Communications Concepts AN762 140 Watt HF Amplifier in a Hammond 7.3X4.7X2.0 Dicast Aluminum Alloy Box with connectors* 144.00
Communications Concepts AN762 180 Watt HF Amplifier in a Hammond 7.3X4.7X2.0 Dicast Aluminum Alloy Box with connectors and Model 55 Heatsink* 205.00
TOTAL 2228.16



Lessons Learned

1. Its all about grounding. Avoid ground loops on sensitive and long mike inputs to Penelope. Use a large gauge ground wire from each of the amplifier's to to the back of the rig and terminate each under one of the computer power supply's mounting screws.

2. We tried to use the analog mike input on the Penelope, but found that the electrical noise level was to high. We then reduced the software gain by 20 dB by changing the "into_ozy11.bat" file to disable the 20 dB mike boost. Next we built an external 20 dB mike amp to get the mike level correct. Details on building this interface circuit follows in the next section.


Analog Mike Preamp Circuit Diagram

Analog Mike Preamp Circuit Diagram by David Poole, AD9DP

Open Issues not resolved

  1. Mike meter reporting 10LogV instead of 20LogV in TX mode.
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